Uusi opinto-opas (sisältäen myös opetusohjelmat) lukuvuodelle 2018-2019 sijaitsee osoitteessa https://opas.peppi.utu.fi . Tältä sivustolta löytyvät enää vanhat opinto-oppaat ja opetusohjelmat.

The new study guide (incl. teaching schedules) for academic year 2018-2019 can be found at https://studyguide.utu.fi. This site contains only previous years' guides.

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Archived Curricula Guide 2013–2014
Curricula Guide is archieved. Please refer to current Curricula Guides
GMAA4732 Quaternary environmental changes 2 ECTS
Organised by
Quaternary Geology
Person in charge
Professor Timo Saarinen

Learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to give the student a historical view why, how much and how the climate and the various global ecosystems have been changing during the Quaternary time.


The course covers global aspects of environmental change over the last 2.6 million years. Lectures include the discovery of Glacial/integlacial cycles as recorded in geological archives (marine sediments and ice-cores), the methods used to identify these cycles and date them, and their impact on major vegetation belts. Global ecosystem processes are emphasised, so that students will appreciate the numerous feedback processes that can amplify or dampen climate forcing. Particular attention is placed on ocean circulation and its effect on the carbon cycle. One goal is to place the observed global warming of the last century into a "geoscience perspective".

Teaching methods

Teaching method Contact Online
Lectures 12 h 0 h

Modes of study

Option 1
Available for:
  • Degree Programme Students
  • Other Students
  • Doctoral Students
  • Exchange Students
Written exam
  • In Finnish
Participation in classroom work
  • In Finnish
Written exam and Participation in classroom work


Numeric 0-5.

Recommended year of study

Not every year

Further information

Not every year

Belongs to following study modules

Department of Geography and Geology
Faculty of Science and Engineering
Faculty of Science and Engineering
Archived Teaching Schedule. Please refer to current Teaching Shedule.
Implementation details are unavailable.
Department of Geography and Geology
DP in Geology
DP in Geography
Finnish Study Modules