Curricula Guides

Uusi opinto-opas (sisältäen myös opetusohjelmat) lukuvuodelle 2018-2019 sijaitsee osoitteessa . Tältä sivustolta löytyvät enää vanhat opinto-oppaat ja opetusohjelmat.

The new study guide (incl. teaching schedules) for academic year 2018-2019 can be found at This site contains only previous years' guides.

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Archived Curricula Guide 2016–2018
Curricula Guide is archieved. Please refer to current Curricula Guides
FUTS2242 FUTU1 Foundations of Futures Studies 5 ECTS
Organised by
Futures Studies
Person in charge
Sirkka Heinonen
Planned organizing times
Period(s) I II III IV
2016–2017 X
2017–2018 X

Learning outcomes

Students are able to explain the origins and development of the discipline and know key actors in the field. Students are able to distinguish various theories and approaches of futures studies. Students are able to differentiate futures studies as an academic discipline. Based on elevated awareness of futures studies, students can draw conclusions of a given material.


Content of the course is divided into three parts which are: the history of futures thinking and research, principal actors in the field of futures studies and key theories of futures studies.
The objective is to give a broad overview to futures studies and challenge students to understand how futures studies are part of academic disciplines. Moreover, students become familiar with different approaches and methods of futures studies. Students will also learn through various exercises how futures studies are applied to scientific work.

Teaching methods

Teaching method Contact Online
Lectures 12 h 0 h

Teaching language


Modes of study

Option 1
Available for:
  • Degree Programme Students
  • Other Students
  • Doctoral Students
  • Exchange Students
Written exam
  • In English
  • In English

The grade consists of two parts: final written exam on the lectures and literature (60%) and group and individual exercises (40%). The grade for the exercises is computed as a weighted average of the separate items.


Numeric 0-5.

Recommended year of study

1st year

Study materials

1. Bell, Wendell, Foundations of futures studies: human science for a new era. Vol. 1, History, purposes and knowledge. New Brunswick, Transaction Publishers 1997. Chapters 2 and 3.

2. Masini, Eleonora, Why Future Studies? London, Grey Seal Books 1993.

3. de Jouvenel, Hugues, An Invitation to Foresight, Paris, Futuribles 2004.

4. Malaska, Pentti, Futures Consciousness and Knowledge of the Future. In: How Do We Explore Our Futures? Acta Futura Fennica 10. Finnish Society for Futures Studies, 2016.

Other study material to be handed out during the course

Belongs to following study modules

Turku School of Economics
Futures Studies: courses lectured in English (Futures Studies (Field of Business))
Turku School of Economics
Finland Futures Research Centre
Finland Futures Research Centre
Archived Teaching Schedule. Please refer to current Teaching Shedule.
Implementation details are unavailable.
Finland Futures Research Centre
Futures Studies (Field of Business)