Uusi opinto-opas (sisältäen myös opetusohjelmat) lukuvuodelle 2018-2019 sijaitsee osoitteessa https://opas.peppi.utu.fi . Tältä sivustolta löytyvät enää vanhat opinto-oppaat ja opetusohjelmat.

The new study guide (incl. teaching schedules) for academic year 2018-2019 can be found at https://studyguide.utu.fi. This site contains only previous years' guides.

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Archived Curricula Guide 2016–2018
Curricula Guide is archieved. Please refer to current Curricula Guides
FUTS3255 FUTUS2 Futures Research Methods 8 ECTS
Organised by
Futures Studies
Person in charge
Petri Tapio
Planned organizing times
Period(s) I II III IV
2016–2017 X
2017–2018 X
Preceding studies
FUTU1 or other relevant studies, contact futu@utu.fi for details.

Learning outcomes

Students are able to relate different methods of futures research to each other. They are capable of building a practical case using various methods.


This course provides a in-depth methodological account of futures studies. The course will be divided into various parts. The quantitative part consists of methods, such as the extrapolation of time-series and mathematical modelling. The second part focuses on how to use expert opinions in foresight activities as well as how to formulate questions for a Delphi panel. The third part covers horizon scanning, weak signals and X-events. Students will be challenged to use these methods in various fictional and real cases. The objective of the course is to give students a clear sense of how to apply various methods in desk-top research as well as in practical work situations. The course critique will be organized as a communicative futures workshop.

Further information on prerequisites and recommendations

Please note that you need to take this FUTUS2 course before you are eligible to participate in the Futures Research Methods in Practice (FUTUS6) course.

Teaching methods

Teaching method Contact Online
Lectures 20 h 0 h

Teaching language


Modes of study

Option 1
Available for:
  • Degree Programme Students
  • Other Students
  • Doctoral Students
  • Exchange Students
  • In English
  • In English
Participation in classroom work
  • In English

The final grade of the course consists of two parts. An essay of a method (75%) and activity on lectures and/or group assignments and exercises based on the lectures, literature and supplementary material (25%).

Evaluation and evaluation criteria

Numeric 0-5.
The essay evaluation criteria are expressed in the Moodle site.

Recommended year of study

1st year

Study materials

The course has a Moodle site that includes assignments, lecture slides and all necessary information.

1.Delphi Method. Techniques and Applications, eds. Linstone, Harold; Turoff, Murray Updated web-based version 2002.

2. Futures Research methodology: version 3.0, The Millenium Project Washington 2009.

3. Tapio, P.; Höjer, M.; Svenfelt, Å.; Varho, V. Exploring the space of alternatives. Heuristics in sustainability scenarios. In: Huutoniemi, K. & Tapio, P. (Eds.), Transdisciplinary Sustainability Studies. A Heuristic Approach. Routledge, London 2014. (Pages 85-99).

4. Varho, V.; Huutoniemi, K. Envisioning solutions. Expert deliberation on environmental futures. In: Huutoniemi, K. & Tapio, P. (Eds.), Transdisciplinary Sustainability Studies. A Heuristic Approach. Routledge, London 2014. (Pages 140-157).

5. A collection of articles.

Further information

Online attendance to the lectures is possible.

Belongs to following study modules

Turku School of Economics
Futures Studies: courses lectured in English (Futures Studies (Field of Business))
Turku School of Economics
Obligatory courses (Futures Studies)
Finland Futures Research Centre
Finland Futures Research Centre
Obligatory advanced courses (Futures Studies)
Archived Teaching Schedule. Please refer to current Teaching Shedule.
Implementation details are unavailable.
Finland Futures Research Centre
Futures Studies (Field of Business)