Uusi opinto-opas (sisältäen myös opetusohjelmat) lukuvuodelle 2018-2019 sijaitsee osoitteessa https://opas.peppi.utu.fi . Tältä sivustolta löytyvät enää vanhat opinto-oppaat ja opetusohjelmat.

The new study guide (incl. teaching schedules) for academic year 2018-2019 can be found at https://studyguide.utu.fi. This site contains only previous years' guides.

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Arkistoitu opetussuunnitelma 2016–2018
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TLS_0070 Introduction to Legal Technology 4 op
Organised by
Turku Law School
Person in charge
Anna Ronkainen

General description

Intelligent technologies have already made inroads into many aspects of our daily lives. The legal world has not been unaffected, either. For example, in the US, intelligent information retrieval in electronically stored documents (e-discovery) has become annually a billion-dollar business in less than ten years. And this is just the beginning, as emerging technologies are expected start to transform both the workplace and the marketplace for lawyers profoundly in the next few years.

Learning outcomes

By learning about state of the art in legal technology, its historical and scientific roots in legal informatics and expected developments in the (near) future, the student becomes better equipped to handle the existing and emerging legal technologies and their impact on the practice of law as well as to consider possible options for his or her own legal career in this particular field.


Lesson plan:
1. Introduction. On law and technology. What is legal technology?
2. Artificial intelligence and law: the 20th century
3. Artificial intelligence and law: the 21st century
4. Human factors: What does AI tell us about legal reasoning in general? Human-computer interaction
5. Legal technology now: information retrieval, electronic discovery, knowledge management
6. Legal technology now: case management, online dispute resolution, access to justice
7. Legal technology now: decision support, prediction, automation, self-service
8. Ethical and regulatory questions. AI and IP law. Big data and data protection
9. Legal technology in the future: emerging technologies, innovation, disruption and legal startups
10. Legal technology and you: the impact of legal technology on the legal profession, new business models for legal services and alternative business structures, unauthorized practice versus liberalization

Teaching methods

Teaching method Contact Online
Lectures 20 h 0 h
Independent work

Teaching language


Modes of study

Option 1
Available for:
  • Degree Programme Students
  • Other Students
  • Doctoral Students
  • Exchange Students
  • In English
Participation in classroom work
  • In English

Evaluation and evaluation criteria

Numeric 0-5.
Active participation in class (20% of final grade) and written work in the form of a traditional essay or e.g. a business plan for a hypothetical legal startup, total 2500-4000 words (80% of final grade).

Study materials

a) Compulsory reading:

Susskind, Richard: Tomorrow’s Lawyers: An Introduction to Your Future. (OUP 2013) (170 pages)


A compendium of articles as background material for the lectures (about 400 pages total), including:

  • Bing, Jon: Let there be LITE: A Brief History of Legal Information Retrieval (2010)

  • Katz, Daniel M.: Quantitative Legal Prediction (2013)

  • Kobayashi, Bruce H. and Larry E. Ribstein: Law's Information Revolution (2011)

  • Leith, Philip: The Rise and Fall of the Legal Information System (2010)

  • de Mulder, Richard et al.: Jurimetrics Please! (2010)

  • Paliwala, Abdul: A History of Legal Informatics (2010)

  • Ronkainen, Anna: Dual-Process Cognition and Legal Reasoning (2011)

  • Ronkainen, Anna: Software Usability and Legal Informatics (2014)


b) Recommended reading for completion of written assignment:

For example:

  • Bench-Capon, Trevor et al.: A History of AI and Law in 50 Papers: 25 Years of the International Conference on AI and Law (2012)

  • Cox, Noel: Technology and Legal Systems (Ashgate 2006)

  • Kowalski, Mitchell: Avoiding Extinction: Reimagining Legal Services for the 21st Century (ABA 2012)

  • MacCormick, John: Nine Algorithms That Changed the Future: The Ingenious Ideas that Drive Today’s Computers (Princeton UP 2011)

  • Reiling, Dory: Technology for Justice: How Information Technology Can Support Judicial Reform (Leiden UP 2010)

  • Steiner, Christopher: Automate This: How Algorithms Came to Rule Our World (Penguin 2013)

  • Susskind, Richard: The End of Lawyers? Rethinking the Nature of Legal Services (OUP 2008)

  • Tiersma, Peter M.: Parchment, Paper, Pixels: Law and the Technologies of Communication (Chicago UP 2010)

  • Wahlgren, Peter: Automation of Legal Reasoning: A Study of Artificial Intelligence and Law (Kluwer 1992)

Further information

TIME: III period

SELECTION CRITERIA: Participation is limited to 60 students. Students enrolled in the Master's Degree Programme in Law and Information Society (LIS) have priority in the selections. 1/3 of the places is reserved for the degree students of the Faculty of Law. For the remaining places, the following criteria will be used to select the participants:
1. exchange students of the TLS cooperative institutions
2. degree students of the TLS cooperative institutions
3. other law students
4. non-law students

Belongs to following study modules

Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta
Optional courses (MDP in Law and Information Society)
Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta
Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta
Archived Teaching Schedule. Please refer to current Teaching Shedule.
Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta
Oikeusnotaarin tutkinto
Oikeustieteen maisterin tutkinto
MDP in Law and Information Society
Oikeustieteen tohtorin tutkinto
Oikeustieteen opinnot
Turku Law School