Uusi opinto-opas (sisältäen myös opetusohjelmat) lukuvuodelle 2018-2019 sijaitsee osoitteessa https://opas.peppi.utu.fi . Tältä sivustolta löytyvät enää vanhat opinto-oppaat ja opetusohjelmat.

The new study guide (incl. teaching schedules) for academic year 2018-2019 can be found at https://studyguide.utu.fi. This site contains only previous years' guides.

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Archived Curricula Guide 2016–2018
Curricula Guide is archieved. Please refer to current Curricula Guides
BIOI4303 Basic X-Ray Crystallography Techniques: How to Solve and Understand Protein Structures 4 ECTS
Organised by
Person in charge
Tassos Papageorgiou

General description

This course is arranged by Turku Centre for Biotechnology

Learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to familiarize students and experienced researchers with the various crystallographic programs used in the determination of protein structures and their complexes. By the end of the course, it is expected that the participants will be able to solve the crystal structure of a simple protein from well-diffracting crystals using X-ray crystallography techniques and understand the terminology used in publications.


The course consists of lectures, demonstrations and practicals of all major steps in a crystal structure determination - from crystallization and data collection to computational techniques and validation of the final structure. Key crystallographic programs include MOSFLM for data processing, CCP4i for data handling and refinement, PHASER for molecular replacement, PHENIX for experimental phasing and refinement, COOT for visualization of the structures and manual rebuilding, and Buccaneer for automated building of protein structures.
In addition the course will cover various bioinformatics and computational tools for structure analysis as well as the use of modern complementary techniques in structural biology (such as NMR, EM, SAXS,ITC, ab initio calculations) for a better understanding of protein structures and complexes.

Teaching methods

Teaching method Contact Online
Lectures 5 h 0 h
Exercises 23 h 0 h

Modes of study

Option 1
Available for:
  • Degree Programme Students
  • Other Students
  • Doctoral Students
  • Exchange Students
Participation in classroom work
  • In English
Written exam
  • In English

Attendance and a written exam (multiple-choice questions + essay)


Numeric 0-5.

Recommended year of study

1. year spring

Belongs to following study modules

Department of Future Technologies
Department of Biochemistry
Archived Teaching Schedule. Please refer to current Teaching Shedule.
Department of Future Technologies
DP in Computer Science
DP in Computer Science
DP Bachelor of Science in Techn.(Communication St)
DP in Information and Communication Technology
MDP in Digital Health and Life Sciences (Tech.)
Finnish Study Modules